With MRO, manufacturing becomes a seamless and streamlined process. However, MRO is quite a broad category that is often applied to different areas of business operations, from maintenance and repair of the plant’s physical infrastructure to tooling and consumables.
In short, four main types of MRO are utilised in various business operations. Each of these will be discussed in more detail below.
Infrastructure Maintenance and Repair
When it comes to MRO, maintenance incorporates infrastructure maintenance and repair. Infrastructure refers to the land and buildings that belong to the business. It can also include aspects such as roofing repairs, HVAC maintenance, repairs to damaged walls, doors or cracks in buildings or warehouses, etc. In addition to this, infrastructure repair and maintenance can include maintaining gardens and landscaping, pathways and footpaths and other related areas that are fixed and immovable in nature but that still require upkeep.
Production Equipment Repair and Maintenance
A second type of MRO deals with production equipment repair and maintenance. However, what is MRO equipment? MRO equipment is the bulk of the mechanical infrastructure on the plant premises, or, in other words, the machinery and equipment that are the foundation of the facility’s production works. In short, these machines can include conveyor belts, large pieces of machinery with wheels and cogs, specialised equipment that facilitates production and others.
Material Handling Equipment Maintenance
Material handling equipment maintenance refers to the maintenance of equipment that handles finished output from primary production processes. This can include forklifts, pallet positioners, bulk containers, jacks, power robotics, and others.
This machinery is often used for a dual purpose. Firstly, it can transport raw materials to production lines for further refinement. Secondly, it can transport the finished products to trucks, storage facilities and shipping docks for processing and delivery to third parties or to end customers, depending on the organisation's suppliers and supply chain. As such, MRO supply chain management becomes a faster and more efficient process.
Tooling and Consumables
Much as the name suggests, this one is a category of MRO types, defined by tools and consumable materials. These are essential in the production process and having the right stock levels is critical. However, they are not directly involved in the manufacturing of the finished goods. Examples may include powered hand tools, manual hand tools, cutting bits, clamps and joining tools, adhesives and glues, sandpaper, welding or soldering supplies, personal protective equipment, cleaning supplies, office supplies, etc.